Paceline Drafting – Riding in a Pack

In order to become a better triathlete I train with a running club and a cycling club so I am always running with the best runners and cycling withe best cyclists (still looking for a Masters swim program/group to join).  Focusing on the cycling part for this post — To keep up with the group I am learning the proper etiquette of riding in a group (they call it a pack).  Here are some great tips from the experts:
Soft pedaling
Drafting is the essence of group cycling, but many riders don’t do it as well as they could. Here’s a technique that’ll help change that.
Ride with two or more friends at a moderate pace on a safe road. Form a paceline with you in the middle, about three feet behind a rear wheel.

After you get comfortable, move closer. At two feet you’ll feel a stronger slipstream. At one foot, stronger yet. That’s the idea. Closer is better for energy savings. But it also requires more concentration.
The instinctive reaction is to grab the brakes when you see the gap closing to mere inches. But that’s the wrong way. Braking should be the last resort in a paceline or anytime someone is close behind. It slows you too abruptly and might cause them to do what you’re trying to avoid — hitting a rear wheel.

The solution: Soft pedal.
This is the art of continuing to turn the crank but slowly enough so you aren’t applying power. You’re coasting but it doesn’t look like it. This should reduce your speed just enough. As soon as you drift back to your comfortable distance, begin reapplying pedal pressure to maintain the gap.
Soft pedaling makes you much smoother than alternating coasting and pedaling. Suddenly stopping and starting is a sure way to annoy your riding partners, too. When everyone in a paceline is always turning their cranks, it’s a beautiful thing.

Two other non-braking tips:
Sit up. As you soft pedal, this helps you catch more air to reduce speed.
Move slightly left or right. This slows you quicker by putting you slightly out of the slipstream, and it makes sure wheels won’t touch. Do it smoothly and minimally for the safety of riders behind. Then flow back in line as you switch from soft pedaling to normal pedaling.

Registered Architect & Visual Artist

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Posted in Cycling, Fitness, Triathlon
One comment on “Paceline Drafting – Riding in a Pack
  1. fc3arch says:

    “Pick your head up!” In recent years that is probably one of the phrases I’ve used most in group rides, charity rides, and during camps and Bucket List events. Of all the habits that make a cyclist more economical, safer, and faster in a group, keeping your head up and your eyes forward is the most fundamental and yet the most overlooked. Here are some tips for improving your skills in a variety of common cycling situations, and why keeping your head up helps in all of them.

    In a Paceline
    The whole point of a paceline is to share the workload so you can go faster for less effort. If you’re not on a wheel – and I mean close! – you’re giving away energy. You’re going to have to work harder than necessary in the group and that means you’ll be more tired later. You have to pay attention at all times so you can stay in the optimal drafting position and so you can anticipate changes in pace and adjust with minimal energy output. To ride closer to the wheel ahead of you and position yourself in the best drafting position you have to keep your head up and look well past the rider immediately in front of you.

    When you look farther forward you’ll see the group slowing well before you have to slow down. That means you can start coasting earlier or give yourself some space to roll into as the person ahead of you slows. This minimizes the need to brake and then accelerate. You’ll also see the people far ahead of you dig into the pedals to accelerate well before that acceleration gets back to you. This ensures you don’t get caught off-guard and can accelerate at the same time as the person in front of you so you don’t let any gap open up.

    In a Pack
    Riding in a pack or peloton is different than riding in an organized paceline. In a paceline there is order and everyone generally knows their role: You’re following the rider ahead of you until it’s your turn to ride at the front, then you’re rotating to the back; and you’re not going to gap anyone off the back. A pack is far less organized, especially when it comes to group rides, charity rides, and gran fondos. Keeping your head up is essential for everyone’s safety, but mostly your own.

    Just like in a paceline you need to keep your eyes forward to anticipate pace changes and changes in wind direction, but in a pack you also have to watch for sudden stupidity. Someone bobbles a water bottle or freaks out when they touch another rider’s elbow and you have a bunch of people grabbing handfuls of brakes. The sooner you know about it the better chance you have to stay out of trouble and keep your momentum. Part of looking forward is planning your escape route. If you’re focused only on the rider ahead of you and something happens, you won’t know whether it’s safer to go left or right.

    The worst thing you can do in a tight pack is read your computer. You think texting and driving is bad? Focusing on small numbers on a small screen on your handlebars while riding inches away from riders on all sides of you is worse. If you must see your power output in those situations – and you shouldn’t because you should have learned from training with the power meter to gauge your efforts by feel – then you have to learn to glance at the screen in milliseconds. In the past year the most frequent reason I’ve said “Keep your head up!” is because someone was looking at a computer screen.

    Descending and cornering
    You don’t need to be a genius to realize that looking far ahead of you is a good idea when you’re hauling down a descent, but cyclists often forget because they’re tired. After you’ve summited a huge climb or you have 4 hours in your legs, the descent is a welcome reprieve. Tired riders hang their heads. But you can’t afford to do that on a descent, even if you’re following a wheel. Never trust the rider ahead of you to pick a good line through corners or always warn you of the pothole he barely missed.

    And speaking of corners, remember to adjust your speed before the turn starts and look through the turn to where you want to exit. Don’t stare at the outside guardrail you’ll slam into if you miss the turn because that will pull your line too wide. Get into the drops and keep your outside foot down. Focus your weight on that outside foot and push your inside hand into the turn. Keep it simple: your outside foot is your traction and your inside hand is your direction. If you have to adjust to turn more sharply, keep your head and body up and apply more pressure on those two spots.

    One thing everyone should practice on this weekend’s rides is getting your bottles out of the cages and back into them without looking. The cages are always in the same place; they haven’t moved since the last 1000 times you reached for a bottle. Fumbling with a bottle causes riders to swerve and is the root cause of a lot of crossed wheels. Worse yet, when someone crosses wheels while fumbling with a bottle they drop the bottle (bad for everyone behind them) and typically crash (even worse for the people behind them) because they can’t compensate for the crossed wheel with only one hand on the bars.

    Talking about fumbling with food and bottles brings up the subject of when it’s the right time to eat/drink. It all comes down to this: Do you have enough time to get it done and have both hands on the bars again before you need to brake or turn? If you can get your bottle in and out of the cage quickly and accurately and without looking there will be more times and places where you can get it done. Similarly, if the wrappers in your pockets have been partially opened you can reach back, get the food, unwrap it, and get it into your mouth faster.

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